Washington/Ottawa | Reuters — The Trump administration said on Tuesday it will remove 10 per cent U.S. tariffs on raw Canadian aluminum as long as imports of the metal stay below levels that are expected to “normalize” over the next four months.
In response, Canada dropped a threat to impose billions of dollars of retaliatory sanctions, marking the end of a spat between the major trading partners.
Among the items Ottawa had proposed last month for new retaliatory tariffs were U.S.-made drop-centre livestock trailers and aluminum-wire fencing as well as beverage cans, aluminum foil, major household appliances, wheel rims, office furniture and door and window frame components.
The U.S. Trade Representative’s office said the decision came after consultations with Ottawa determined that aluminum imports during the September-December period of 2020 were expected to fall 50 per cent from the January-July period.
U.S. President Donald Trump had reimposed a 10 per cent tariff on non-alloyed, unwrought aluminum from Canada in August after a surge in imports across the northern U.S. border.
Canadian Trade Minister Mary Ng said the U.S. announcement marked an end to an “incredibly difficult” few months for domestic producers.
“Canada has not conceded anything. We fully retain our right to impose our countermeasures if the U.S. administration decides to reimpose its tariffs on Canadian aluminum products, and we are prepared to do so,” she told a news conference in Ottawa.
USTR said that it now expected raw aluminum imports from Canada to be 70,000 to 83,000 tons per month through December. If it is determined that in any month imports exceed 105 per cent of those levels, USTR said it will retroactively impose the 10 per cent tariffs on all shipments for that month.
Canada has always rejected the idea of quotas on aluminum exports. When questioned about the U.S. levels, Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland said: “This is not a negotiated deal… we have not negotiated an agreement with the United States on quotas”.
Rio Tinto Aluminum CEO Alf Barrios said the U.S. move was “a positive step that ensures the North American aluminum supply chain remains strong in the face of challenging global conditions.”
— Reporting for Reuters by David Lawder in Washington and David Ljunggren in Ottawa; additional reporting by Jeff Lewis in Toronto and Tim Ahmann in Washington. Includes files from Glacier FarmMedia Network staff.